Caulking and injection sealing

Caulking and injection sealing

Application scope and operation method

  When there is leak at the flange sealing surface, we usually apply clamp injection method. We need to design and manufacture clamp before the operation. If the upper and lower flange is not concentric or has irregular shape, it would be difficult to manufacture the clamp. The following is the introduction of the simple way for the sealing method.

  Application scope

   suitable for the gaskets of different shape like  round, oval, square, etc.

   suitable for system temperature -180800system pressure -0.1MPa20MPa

   leaking flange connecting gap10mm.

  Operation method

  Pack the proper specification of metallic wire into the flange connecting gap. Caulk the flange edge to form the sealing cavity and inject the sealant.

  If the diameter of the leaking flange is large and is partial leak, it could apply partial sealing method.

  If the system pressure is less than 2MPa, it could apply the screw filling joint and inject the sealant through the threaded channel between flange bolt and bolt hole.

1-screw filling joint 

2-injection channel 

3-sealing cavity

4-brass wire

If the system pressure is more than 2MPait should drill the hole at the flange edge and tap it, and connect the injection valve.

If  it applies partial sealing method, it should be reinforced at two ends to avoid the sealant coming out from the sealing cavity.

2, Operation procedure

   .At the proper location of the flange edge and flange surface, dill the hole and tape in slant direction, and then connect the injection valve:

.Apply φ4 drill bit to drill through the remaining thickness of the wall, and let the injection valve face straightly toward the flange connecting gap.

Drill through the remaining thickness of the wall and lead the medium out

. Pack the metallic wire of proper specification in the flange connection gap

. Use air hammer to caulk the flange outer edge to block the metallic wire.

. Close the valve of the initial injection port and connect the injection gun.

3  Sealant selection

     Sealant property

     The injection property of Txy-8#

      a. It has no curing process, excellent injection flowability, stable chemical property, and suitable for wide range of leaking medium.

      b. Strong cold flow property, and good mouldability under the temperature of-180.

      The property characteristics of Txy-18#Txy-16#

      a. The performance of Txy-18#Txy-16#

b. Performance characteristics

   Txy-18#  sealant is suitable for wide range of leaking medium, and its formulation content contains blocking material, which can soon form the pressure-bearing capability.

  It applies vulcanizing system in sealant Txy-16# and excellent plastic fluidity.

  The suitability of Txy-8#Txy-16#Txy-18# 

    Applicable temperature of Txy-8#:-180260 for variety of medium

    The applicable temperature of Txy-16#: 100600.It has favorable injection mouldabilitysuitable for narrow injection channel and complementary injection in a second leak;

    Txy-18#  is used under temperature 100800which is advisable for high pressure and heavy leak.

Sealant selecting principle

  Select based on system temperature, leaking medium, and leaking condition.

4,Partial sealing operation method

 If the flange outer diameter is more thanφ600, it could seal for partial sealing method.

    Relevant specification of the pressure parts for partial sealing

      The specification for metallic wire

      a, The diameter of the metallic wire should be slightly larger than that of flange connection gap

     b, The metallic wire should have the length which would extend for 12 flange bolt from the leaking location

     c, Forge the contact section of two metallic wire ends for close touch to the end plates.

     End plate shape and its relevant specification

     a, See end plates image

     b, Relevant specification

    thicknessF= flange connection gap-0.2mm

    lengthA= the distance between flange edge and sealing washer-0.95× edge length of radial direction of brass wire cross section

    Gap diameterφ= flange screw diameter+1.5mm

    Gap center position

    E = D-K/2-edge length of radial direction of brass wire cross section

    K – the diameter of flange bolt hole;

    the width of the end plateB=φ+2×(1520

Injection procedure

      Inject from the two ports which is at two ends of the cover  and pause for a while for sealant curing there as a block at the border

     Inject symmetrically toward the center port;

     Control the injection speed to coordinate with the sealant curing time to avoid the sealant coming out from sealing cavity or leaking into the running system

     Under the low system temperature or applying the filling type sealant, it should press slowly and steadily

     Make complementary injection and compact to avoid of stress relaxation.

The Sealant dynamic change in the filling process

5, Technique characteristics

   suitable for different type of sealing washer surface, and not affected by the slight mismatching and eccentric center or of upper and lower flange

   easy operation; no need for clamp design and manufacture

   shorten the sealant flowing distance, and suitable for control of the injection speed and sealant curing time

   good for enhance the filling quality.

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